Last updated on November 21st, 2019 at 01:48 pm
Berlin is the capital city of Germany and the country’s largest city. It is also Germany’s major center of politics, media, science, and culture. Known for its cultural beauty, Berlin is home to the world-famous Berlin Opera and Philharmonic Orchestra.
Its popular art scene comprises hundreds of galleries, events, and museums, including a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Berlin offers a mix of new and classic architecture, dynamic entertainment, shopping and a wide range of sports and cultural institutions.
Following decades of decay to the east of the infamous Berlin Wall, the city has been rebuilt in a way that celebrates successes while acknowledging a dark past.
Whether you are going for a long weekend or staying up to a month, you will be excited by the mixture of history and modernity this posh city has to offer.
Let’s take a look at some of the beautiful places in Berlin tourists from Nigeria can visit:
The Brandenburg Gate
Berlin’s most famous historic landmark is the Brandenburg Gate, formerly a symbol of a divided nation but now signifies peace and unity. This gate was commissioned by King Frederick Wilhelm II in 1788 and its design was inspired by the Propylaea in Athens’ Acropolis. There are so many historical stories that surround this great building. If you are ever in Berlin and love history, this is a place you don’t want to miss visiting.
The Rebuilt Reichstag
Originally completed in 1894, this is where the Neo-renaissance palace served as the home of the German Empire’s Imperial Diet until it burned in 1933. It was not used again after the reunification of Germany. At a point, it underwent a 10-year reconstruction and finally became the home of the German Parliament in 1999. The interesting part of this reconstruction is that it finally became the replacement dome, made of glass and offering views of the surrounding of the city.
This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here, you will find many of the city’s oldest and most important museums, including the Altes Museum, built in 1830 to house the crown jewels and other treasures. The new museum (Neues Museum) destroyed during WWII was rebuilt and opened again in the year 2009 as the home of extensive collections from the Egyptian Museum, the Papyrus Collection and the Collection of Classical Antiquities.
The Berlin Wall Memorial Checkpoint Charlie
The Berlin Wall originated in 1961 when East Germany sealed off that half of the city to prevent citizens from fleeing West Germany. By the time it was torn down in 1989, the four-meter-high wall extended 155 kilometers, dissected 55 streets and possessed 293 observation towers and bunkers. Today, only small stretches of this graffiti-covered travesty remain, including a 1.4-kilometer stretch preserved as part of the Berlin Wall Memorial, a reminder of the animosity that once divided Europe. There are many ways to see the Berlin wall while in the city. From the viewing platform, you can see what was once a no-man’s land between East and West Berlin.
Charlottenburg Palace and Park
This is Berlin’s oldest and largest Prussian estate. The late 17th-century Chalotten Palace was for decades, the primary residence of German royalty. Beautifully restored, this big palace has amazing features, including a massive 50 meter-high central dome. A highlight of this property’s tour program is a visit to the new wing with its state apartments and fine halls, built in 1946. Visitors can get a glimpse of the splendor and glory in which the Prussian kings and electors lived.
This is one of Berlin’s largest squares, dominated by three historic landmark buildings: the Konzerthaus, the French Cathedral and the German Cathedral. This picturesque 17th-century square is one of Berlin’s top tourist attractions, hosting numerous public events each year, including classical concerts on the step of Konzerthaus theatre in the summer. Visitors will be able to see the Deutscher Dom and the French Cathedral which was built by the Huguenots in the early 18th century. The Gendarmarkt is also a beautifully reconstructed Konzerthaus, where the Berlin Orchestra performs. During the winter, Christmas markets are a major highlight at the square.
Topography of Terror
One of the more poignant attractions in Berlin is the Topography of Terror. This is an outdoor and indoor museum located on the exact site of the former Nazi government’s Reich Main Security Office. Within the view of the Berlin Wall, former prison cells were excavated to showcase the tragedies and horrors of the Nazi regime. Here, visitors can explore the Jewish ghettos of Berlin, the criminals brought to justice at the Nuremberg Trials and a memorial to all those who died at the hands of the Nazis. Exhibits include documents, photographs, audio and films showing the persecution and extermination of victims. Visitors are also invited to tour the historic grounds which include remains of the Berlin Wall. It is emotionally tough to explore the Topography of Terror, except you lack empathy, but it is an essential history stop to make.
Berlin Zoological Gardens
Zoologischer Garten Berlin is the oldest zoo in Germany and remains Berlin’s most popular attractions that welcomes millions of guests each year. Established in the year 1844 and rebuilt after World War II, the zoo has earned a reputation for its successful breeding programs and known for providing authentic habitats for the animals it houses. The zoo is home to nearly 20,000 animals of different species.
Berlin Cathedral Church
There are wonderful churches to see in Berlin but the Berlin Cathedral is the largest and one of the most impressive. It was built at the start of the 20th century as a way to express the imperial power of Germany. The brick neo-renaissance cathedral is located in the area of Museum Island in the district of Mitte. The cathedral is built in three sections: The Memorial, Nuptial and Parish Church). If you visit the church, you can climb to the top of the dome and enjoy the views from the cathedral after touring the interior.
The Pergamon is one of the most visited of the Museum Island attractions. It is also one of Berlin’s top tourist sites in general. It is home to three main galleries, each occupying the Middle East Museum, the Islamic Art Museum, and the Antiquity collection. The artifacts which narrowly escaped harm from WWII were collected by German archaeologists during the 19th and 20th centuries from excursions to Egypt, including ornate facades and the gates. Some of the museum’s most famous pieces are the Ishtar Gate of Babylon, the Roman market of Miletus and the Mshatta facade.
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