The corona virus pandemic is predominantly ascribed to being a respiratory illness, it spreads via contact with virus-laden droplets expelled from an infected person’s cough, sneeze or breath. Symptoms may take between 2 to 14 days to manifest and may include: fever, cough, shortness of breath. The progression from mild to moderate and consequently severe occurs in a duration of approximately two weeks.
The following symptoms depict the daily body condition of a person infected with corona virus:
- Common cold
- Slight sore throat
- Sore throat and body ache
- Body temperature around 36.5 degree Celsius
- Slight appetite loss
- Slight headache
- Sore throat and hoarse voice
- Slight fever between 36.5 – 36.7 degree Celsius
- Weak body and joint pain
- Slight fever around 37 degree Celsius
- Cough accompanied by mucus or dry cough
- Severe sore throat
- Fatigue and nausea
- Occasional difficulty breathing
- Increasing body aches
- Diarrhea and vomit
- Higher fever between 37.4 – 37.8 degree Celsius
- Cough with sputum
- Body ache and headache
- Severe diarrhea and vomit
- Fever ranging from 38 degrees and higher
- Pain in the chest and increased breathing difficulties
- Continuous coughing
- Headache, joint pain, and increasing body pain
Fever gets higher
- Cough becomes more persistent and severe
- Severe breathing difficulties
At this point patients require hospitalization and need to be placed under intensive care, blood tests and X-ray examination of the lungs are required. The current fatality rate is estimated at 2% with a larger percentage being old people or individuals with underlying health conditions.
Currently, there is no specific antiviral treatment or vaccine available for corona virus, treatment is directed at relieving symptoms until your body heals.
General Advice to the public on the corona virus pandemic
World Health Organization (W.H.O) advises that the best way to limit the spread is to practice the following precautionary measures:
- Social distancing with a distance of at least 1 metre (3 feet).
- Wash hands regularly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or used alcohol-based sanitizers containing at least 60% alcohol.
- Avoid contact with eyes, nose and mouth.
- Practice good respiratory hygiene i.e cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in a covered bin and wash your hands with soap and water. Use an alcohol-based sanitizer if no water and soap is available.
- Maintain a healthy and balanced diet