The City of Lagos popularly called “Eko” by its approximately 21 million residents, is located in south-west Nigeria. It is bordered by Ogun State to the north and east. To the west, it shares borders with the Republic of Benin while its southern borders lead to the Atlantic Ocean. The city wears many crowns; it is the largest city in Nigeria, one of the fastest growing cities in the world and a major world economic hub.
Lagos has a tropical wet and dry climate with two distinct seasons; the rainy and dry season. The city has an average temperature of 25.0 °C (77.0 °F). Harmattan winds from the Sahara Desert, which are at their strongest from December to early February, pay an annual visit to Lagos.
The coastal city of Lagos, Nigeria has several sandy beaches along the Atlantic Ocean’s shores. A few of such beaches are Elegushi Beach, Badagry beach, Oniru Beach, Bar Beach, Tarkwa Bay and Alpha Beach. Lagos also has several private beach resorts including Inagbe Grand Beach Resort and several others.
Lagos initially emerged as a port city with just a collection of islands. These islands are contained in the present day Local Government Areas (LGAs) of; Lagos Island, Eti-Osa, Amuwo-Odofin and Apapa. The increasing rate of development in the state led to the city growth toward the west of the lagoon to include areas in the present-day Lagos Mainland, Ajeromi-Ifelodun and Surulere. Present day Lagos is loosely divided into two major districts;
Lagos Island is mainly a collection of islands that are separated from each other by creeks and connected by bridges. This part of Lagos is where most business activities and entertainment events in Lagos takes place. It houses most of the upscale residential areas in Lagos. The island also contains many of the city’s largest wholesale marketplaces (such as the popular Idumota and Balogun Markets). The major urban islands of Lagos are Victoria Island, Lekki, Ikoyi and Marina.
Lagos Mainland is known for its music and nightlife. Mainland local government areas include Surulere Yaba, and Ajeromi-Ifelodun. Metropolitan Lagos suburban LGAs include Agege, Apapa, Alagbado, Ikorodu, Ketu, Mushin, Oshodi-Isolo and Ikeja (which is the capital of Lagos State and the location of Murtala Muhammed International Airport).
Lagos has become an important location for African cultural identity. Lots of festivals are held annually in Lagos, some of them are the Festac Fair, Eyo Festival, Lagos Black Heritage Carnival, Lagos Carnival, Eko International Film Festival, Lagos Seafood Festac Festival, Lagos Photo Festival and The Lagos Jazz Series.
If you are looking to shop in Lagos, there are various malls available across the city. Aside from malls, there are several open-air markets in Lagos. Some of the notable markets are;
Balogun market: known for wholesale goods
Alaba market: popular for electronics
Computer Village is the home of ICT; phones, laptops and other gadgets can be purchased and repaired here.
Mile 12 market is the primary food market in Lagos.
Best Time to Travel to Lagos
The weather in Lagos is mostly humid with a clearly defined rainy season between March and November. The climate is unmistakably tropical although the humidity is a little less in December and January due to the harmattan that dries the atmosphere.
Putting all of this into consideration, the best time to visit Lagos would between December and March. During this period, the weather is warm and less humid, as a result of the harmattan winds.
It is advisable to avoid Lagos during the rainy months; from May to October, as it is a dreary time of year to explore the city.
How to Get to Lagos
Visitors can travel to Lagos through a variety of means including;
Lagos is served by Murtala Muhammed International Airport (or MMA as it is popularly called). The airport is one of the largest and busiest airports in Africa and the top international air passenger gateway to Nigeria. The airport is in the northern suburb of Ikeja and has Domestic and International Terminals.
The airport is the main hub of Medview Airline and Arik Air. Other major airlines such as; British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, KLM, Air France, Lufthansa.Turkish Airlines, etc operate daily flights to Lagos from all over the globe.
Road transportation is the most common option used by domestic travellers to get into Lagos. You may choose to make use of your private vehicle or travel with a transport company. Luxury bus operators like ABC Transport, Chisco Transport, Peace Mass Transit and Young Shall Grow Motors offer daily trips from major cities in Nigeria into Lagos City.
The price for this bus fares range from N7,000 to N10,000. Trips from far locations like Abuja and Kano take up to 10-14 hours. While trips to neighbouring cities like Ibadan are approximately 3 hours.
Getting around in Lagos
There are several ways to get around the bustling city of Lagos.
Lagos has one of the largest and most extensive road networks in West Africa. Various parts of Lagos are linked by the city’s many highways and bridges. Yet its highways are usually congested during peak hours, due in part to the geography of the city, as well as to its explosive population growth.
The city of Lagos has a bus rapid transit (BRT) system which operates along eight routes using specially designated bus lanes which run through the city. Lagos BRT runs 19 km through Ikorodu Road and Funsho Williams Avenue up to CMS.
This bus system is still undergoing expansion which will make the buses more accessible from all parts of the city.
There are also other buses available throughout Lagos aside from the BRT system. There are Lagos state licenced 14-seater buses (known as Danfo) which travel all routes in the city.
Aside from the above mentioned, other arbitrary passenger buses exist. These uses are however not licenced by the state government. Caution is advised, should you choose to make use of them.
An extensive urban rail system, Lagos Rail Mass Transit, running through the Lagos metropolis is currently under construction.
Lagos State Ferry Services Corporation runs a few regular routes between Lagos Island and Lagos Mainland. These routes are served by modern ferries and wharves. Private boats also run passenger services on the lagoon and on some creeks.
There are 4 major types of taxi or cabs available in Lagos. These provide different quality of comfort for the rider, are available at different locations and have varying costs. The Blue cabs are the official airport taxis, the Metro cabs provide an exclusive service and can be reached on any of their designated numbers. Yellow cabs with black stripes are taxis common to Lagos, they are sometimes prevented from entering private estates during late hours.
Lagos also has ride-hailing services like Uber, Taxify, Smart Cab and Oga Taxi. These allow people request a taxi online and are safe and convenient.
Average Cost Of Transportation in Lagos
The cost of transportation in Lagos varies greatly depending on the distance of the city and it is also unstable due to the economy of the city. The cost of public transportation ranges from N50 to N500 depending on the distance of travel.
Cab fare range from N1,000 to N8,000.
Things to do in Lagos
To get the full Lagos experience, there are some places you absolutely have to visit and some things you must try. There are a number of shopping centres and leisure tourist attractions, rich in cultural history which the city has to offer. Tourists here will always find something to suit their tastes. Some of the top places to visit are listed below
Lekki Conservation Center
KM 19 Lagos- Epe Expressway
Opening hours: 8.30am – 5.00pm, including weekends and public
The Lekki Conservation Centre (LCC) Is a 79-hectare urban nature park extending from KM 19 along the Lagos- Epe Expressway to the outskirts of Okun Ibeju Village, Eti-Osa in Lagos Island. The park can be accessed through the Lagos – Epe Expressway.
Things to do at Lekki Conservation Centre
- 401 – meter long canopy walkway: One of the most scenic attractions in Lagos, this canopy walkway is reputed to be the longest in Africa. The walkway has the entry & exit portals connecting six towers to unique view of the park’s habitat
- The family park
- Floor games, which include Ludo, Snakes and Ladder, Chess and Draught
- Six and eight seater family huts.
Entry fee is N10000 for adults.
Nike Centre for Art and Culture
2, Elegushi Road, Lagos Island
The Nike Center for Art and Culture provides a splendid experience for lovers of art. Owned by renowned artist and designer, Nike Davies Okundaye, the Nike Center for Art and Culture is arguably the largest of its kind in West Africa. The art centre houses about 8000 art pieces by various Nigerian artists.
At the Nike Center for Art and Culture, you can take guided tours of the whole building, watch the dance display from the in-house dance troupe, and shop from a diverse art selection.
Plot 1376, Tiamiyu Savage, Off Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island
Terra Kulture is an arts and culture centre in Lagos that consist of an indigenous art, food and literature. It houses an event centre theatre for the performing arts. Terra Kulture has been home to numerous art exhibitions, book readings, plays and language classes since its creation in 2014. Terra Kulture is also one of two art auction houses in Nigeria.
If you are a lover of art, learning and Nigerian cuisine, consider stopping by at Terra Kulture for a memorable experience.
133 Ahmadu Bello way, Victoria Island
Silverbird Galleria is a shopping and entertainment centre located in Victoria Island, Lagos. Consisting of a five-screen Cineplex and other retail, the Silverbird Galleria is an excellent relaxation spot. The Galleria is also home to various intercontinental restaurants. You will especially love the evening salsa session at the galleria’s atrium.
Balogun, Obafemi Awolowo Way, Ikeja
The Kalakuta Museum serves as both a museum and final resting place of the late Afrobeat icon; Fela Anikulapo Kuti. It is the go-to place for anyone interested in the life and times of the great music legend. Some of the items on display include over 3,000 of his clothing items, his musical instruments, and the room where he died in 1997. You may also food and drinks such as the local Nigerian liquor; palm wine. at the roof top.
Entry fee is N500.
Free Things to do in Lagos
For the tourist on a budget, Lagos has a lot to offer. From beautiful parks and monuments, to breathtaking views of the city and ocean that will make your trip worthwhile. Read our guide on the top free things to do while visiting Lagos on a budget.
The buzzing, energetic and fast-paced city of Lagos may seem a little overwhelming, especially if you only have a few days to stay. If you’re in Lagos for a limited time and still want to get a good taste of what the city has to offer, we’ve got a helpful guide for you.
First, find a nice hotel on the Lagos Island and head over to Terra Kulture. Victoria Island is popular for its numerous financial institutions, swanky hotels, food, and awesome relaxation spots. One of those spots is Terra Kulture, a beautiful cultural and art centre located on… read more
Places to Eat in Lagos
Local delicacies to try while in Lagos include; Eba and Egusi soup, Amala and Ewedu soup, Jollof rice, Ofada rice, Suya and Fried plantain (popularly called dodo). If you are looking for cheap food or would like to try local delicacies, it is advised that you try the local restaurants or bukas.
The average cost of food in Lagos ranges from N250 to N10,000 per meal, depending on where you decide to eat.
Food lovers visiting Lagos have a lot of restaurants to pick from irrespective of the type of cuisine. Below are a few options in the Lagos Mainland and Lagos Island.
The Jazz Hole
Shop No. 168, Awolowo Rd, Ikoyi, Lagos
Located in Ikoyi, the Jazz Hole is a restaurant, cafe, music and book store all fused into one. A good meal at the Jazz Hole typically costs between N2,000 to N5,000 for an individual and they are open between 10:00 am to 8:00 pm.
Hard Rock Cafe
Plot No 3 and 4, Block XVI Oniru Estate
Hard Rock Cafe is located in Victoria Island. It offers delicious foods and drinks and a beautiful and classy ambience. A meal at the restaurant will cost an average of N6,000 per person. Opening hours are between
Opening hours: 12:00 pm to 12:00 am.
No 21, Isaac John Street, Ikeja
14b, Agoro Odiyan Street, Off Adeola Odeku, Victoria Island
Jevenik Restaurant is located both in Lagos Island (Victoria Island) and Lagos Mainland (Ikeja). In both locations, the restaurant offers sales and delivery of Nigerian/African dishes. A meal at Jevenik Restaurant will cost an average of N950.
Opening hours: 9:00 am to 10:00 pm.
Where to Shop in Lagos
There are tonnes of places to shop in Lagos. If you want to shop like a real Lagosian, the open-air markets mentioned earlier are the places you should go. You’ll be able to purchase locally made products, art, and other forms of souvenirs, along with items from all over the world. There are also various malls available in Lagos, they include;
The Palms Shopping Mall
Located at No. 1 BIS Way, Lekki, Lagos
Palms Shopping Mall comprises of 21,000 square meters of retail space. The Palms Shopping Mall is one of the largest shopping centres in the country comprising of two large department stores, a cinema, several bank and telecom outlets, local and international apparel retailers and food courts. The Palms shopping mall is ideal for window shoppers, business travellers looking for a spot and visitors travelling on vacation.
Ikeja City Mall
174 / 194, Obafemi Awolowo way, Alausa, Ikeja
The mall has a five-screen cinema, a department store, banks, cafes, bars, casual dining restaurants, pharmacies and ice cream shops. The mall has a five-screen cinema, a department store, banks, cafes, bars, casual dining restaurants, pharmacies and ice cream shops. This mall is wonderful for all categories of travellers and families on vacation.
Staying in Lagos
Lagos has a wide variety of hotels suitable for all tastes and budgets. Lagos offers a mixture of local luxury hotels such as Eko Hotels and Suites and Federal Palace Hotel, and global chain hotels such as Intercontinental Hotel, Sheraton, and Four Points by Sheraton.
People who like Lagos also like…
People who like Lagos also like Abuja, PortHarcourt, Calabar and Kano due to their similarities in population, size and the fast paced lifestyle of its inhabitants.
Abuja is the capital city of Nigeria. It is located in the centre of the country and is a major hub for political and social activities.
Port Harcourt, the capital of Rivers state is the largest city in the state. It is a major industrial centre with a large number of multinational companies operating from the city.
Calabar is the capital of Cross River State and has often been described as the tourism capital of the Country, Nigeria. Like Lagos, it is a large metropolis with many towns such as Ikot, Duke Town, Kasuk, Bakassi and many others.
Kano is the capital of Kano State located in the Northern part of Nigeria. It is the second largest city in Nigeria after Lagos and the commercial nerve centre of Northern Nigeria.